地上観測

(翻訳中)

 

Benefiting from Earth Observation satellite data, the GMES land monitoring service provides accurate and cross-border harmonised geo-information at global to local scales.
It covers a wide range of thematic areas, like land use / land cover change, soil sealing, water quality and availability, spatial planning, forest monitoring and global food security.
The pre-operational land monitoring service of GMES is currently provided through the EU-funded project geoland2. The project develops a set of three mapping services which serve as a basis for the provision of a series of information services.

 

EUROLAND (Mapping service)

The European Land Monitoring Service addresses the local (i.e. the Urban Atlas) and the continental component (i.e. high spatial resolution, wall-to-wall land cover parameters and land cover change) of the land monitoring service. EUROLAND contributes developing and implementing an efficient processing chain for future updates of CORINE Land Cover.
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BioPar (Mapping Service)

The Biogeophysical Parameters Service provides a series of parameters on regional, European and global scales, both in near-real-time and off-line mode, which describe the continental vegetation state, the radiation budget at the earth's surface and the water cycle.
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SATChMo (Mapping Service)

The Seasonal and Annual Change Monitoring Service (SATChMo) aims to close the gap between low-resolution global coverage and the high-resolution by providing seasonal to annual European-wide coverage of physical properties describing bio-geophysical information parameters, such as land cover and land cover change.
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Spatial Planning (Information Service)

The Spatial Planning Service provides highly accurate products and tools to describe, explain and forecast urban land use changes, from regional to European scale. Combining geographic information with ancillary geospatial and statistical data, the service helps analysing demographic developments and urban land take trends. It also help describing the state of land consumption and its impact on the environment.
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Agri-Environmental Monitoring (Information Service)

The AgriEnvironment Service supports the timely and accurate monitoring of agricultural land use state and its changes at European, national and regional levels. It provides indicators addressing agricultural land use and trends, farming pressure on water and soil resources, and the impact of agricultural land use changes on biodiversity and landscapes.
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Water Monitoring (Information Service)

The Water Monitoring Service provides a pan-European model in order to allow an integrated analysis of transnational water bodies. In particular it addresses water balance, flow rates and flow depths in all major streams and rivers, soil moisture level, lake/reservoir depths and levels, snow depths, snow water equivalent and regional snow coverage.
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Forest Monitoring (Information Service)

The Forest Monitoring Service provides highly accurate and spatially detailed information on the state and development of forests. It contains information for Forest Area by four forest types (coniferous forest, broad-leafed forest, mixed forest and un-stocked areas/clear-cuts) as well as Forest Area Change.
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Land Carbon (Information Service)

The Land Carbon Service aims to set up pre-operational infrastructures for provi- ding variables related to the terrestrial carbon cycle, in near-real-time (NRT), for describing the continental vegetation state (leaf area index and biomass), the surface fluxes (carbon and water), and the associated soil moisture.
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Natural Resource Monitoring in Africa (Information Service)

The Natural Resource Monitoring in Africa Service will provide decision makers with factual environmental information. The thematic focus is on natural resource management in a seasonal as well as multi-annual perspective to facilitate decision making processes and medium term planning exercises.
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Global Crop Monitoring (Information Service)

The Global Crop Monitoring Service provides objective, near real-time assessments of crop conditions and yield forecasts in support of European policies in the fields of agriculture, trade and food security.
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(All credits by geoland2)