概要

(翻訳中)
Environmental information is of crucial importance. It helps to understand how our planet and its climate are changing, the role played by human activities in these changes and how these will influence our daily lives.

 

The well-being and security of future generations are more than ever dependent on everyone's actions and on the decisions being made today on environmental policies.To take the right actions, decision makers, businesses and citizens must be provided with reliable and up-to-date information on how our planet and its climate are changing.

 

The European Earth observation programme GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) provides this information.

 

Policymakers and public authorities, the major users of GMES, will use the information to prepare environmental legislation and policies with a particular focus on Climate Change, monitor their implementation and assess their effects. GMES also supports the critical decisions that need to be made quickly during emergencies, such as when natural or man-made catastrophes and humanitarian crises occur.

 

Users will be provided with information through services dedicated to a systematic monitoring and forecasting of the state of the Earth's subsystems. Six thematic areas are developed: marine, land, atmosphere, emergency, security and climate change. A land monitoring service, a marine monitoring service and an atmosphere monitoring service contribute directly to the monitoring of climate change and to the assessment of mitigation and adaptation policies. Two additional GMES services address respectively emergency response (e.g. floods, fires, technological accidents, humanitarian aid) and security-related aspects (e.g. maritime surveillance, border control). GMES services are all designed to meet common data and information requirements and have global dimension.

 

In practice, GMES consists in a complex set of systems which collects data from multiple sources (earth observation satellites and in situ sensors such as ground stations, airborne and sea-borne sensors), processes these data and provides users with reliable and up-to-date information through the services mentioned above. Some of these systems and data sources already exist today, as well as prototype services but many developments are still required in all domains.

 

GMES is an EU-led initiative. The coordination and management of the GMES programme is ensured by the European Commission. The setting up of initial versions of the GMES services have been assigned to several projects partly financed through the 7th Research and Development Framework Programme of the European Union, while the developments related to the observation infrastructure are performed under the aegis of the European Space Agency for the space component (i.e. Sentinel missions) and of the European Environment Agency and the Member States for the in situ component. The sustainability of the GMES operational services will be ensured through public funding from EU, intergovernmental agencies, and Member States. Considered as "public goods", these services should be accessible to any organisation or citizen.

 

Based on the GMES services, many other value-added services tailored to more specific public or commercial needs (i.e. forecasting services with a local scope, services including socio-economic data, etc.) will certainly be developed. This will stimulate the downstream sector. The public investment will therefore constitute an important contribution to the EU2020 strategy.
For more information on the GMES Programme, please visit the GMES institutional portal.

 

GMESについてよくある質問

 

Who will have access to GMES and according to which criteria?
Who will provide GMES services?
Will GMES services be fully "free-of-charge" for users? Who will pay for the GMES Services?
When will GMES services be available?